Building upon the 2014 Prototype Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR) , the current report responds to the Rio+20 mandate to contribute to strengthening the science-policy interface (SPI) for sustainable development, particularly in the context of the high-level political forum (HLPF). Given the anticipated adoption in September of the post-2015 development agenda, the report asks how well prepared the scientific community is to inform the sort of integrated and multidimensional problem solving and policy making that will be needed for implementing this agenda.
True to its mandate, the GSDR is designed as an assessment of assessments rather than seeking to pioneer new knowledge. It endeavors to present a range of scientific perspectives and to be policy-relevant but not policy-prescriptive. One distinctive feature of the report is its illustration of different vantage points from which to examine the science-policy interface and to view integration and interlinkage across goals, sectors and issues. Its preparation involved and inclusive, multi-stakeholder process drawing upon scientific and technical expertise from within and outside the United Nations System.
The science-policy interface (SPI) functions at many levels, from the global to the local. The report considers the functioning of the SPI at international and national levels, the latter in relation to the nexus of oceans, seas, marine resources and human well-being and the cross-cutting issue of disaster risk reduction.
The report is structured in the following way:
Chapter 1 and 2 each illustrate one of the structering dimensions of the report and serve as an introduction to the rest of the report.
Chapter 3 examines the aforementioned nexus of oceans, seas, marine resources and human well-being, while Chapter 4 discusses disaster risk reduction (DRR) within the sustainable development agenda.
Chapter 5 reviews debates on promoting industrialization as a strategy for advancing inclusive economic development, and how the industrialization challenge and opportunities are being recast.
Chapter 6 concentrates its anlysis on selected aspects of science-policy interface in the context of countries in special situations, such as least developed countries (LDCs), landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) and small island developing states (SIDS).
In Chapter 7 the authors explore possibilities to bring science issues and findings easier and more effectively to the attention of policy makers.
Chapter 8 takes a look at new data approaches to monitor the sustainable development progress in Africa, talking about new technologies, big data analytics and the integration of collected data within existing frameworks.
Chapter 9 finally summarizes the report and presents the most relevant findings of each chapter.
The full report can be found here.